As we move from one season into another, extreme temperatures can sneak up on you. It can be quite pleasant one day, then abnormally hot or cold the next. During this time of transition, it’s particularly important to guard against temperature-related illnesses.

Symptoms related to high heat exposure include an extremely high body temperature, excessive sweating and dizziness. Extreme cold, too, can produce dangerous side effects, such as an inability to think clearly, a low body temperature, intense tiredness and shivering. Take care to avoid temperature-related illnesses and the risky symptoms that accompany them by protecting against extreme heat and cold.

Stay Hydrated

When it's hot outside, your body requires more fluids than normal. In fact, if you're working hard in a hot environment, drink at least two cups of water every hour. Sugary and alcoholic drinks will not help hydrate you, so avoid those.

Remain in Air Conditioning

One of the best ways to manage extremely hot weather is to stay in air-conditioned buildings. Before the start of summer weather, have your HVAC system serviced by a professional so it will be ready to use on the first hot day. If you do not have air conditioning at home, spend the hottest part of the day at local businesses or cooling centers.

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Dress for the Weather

Whether the weather is hot or cold, it's important to wear clothes that match the temperature. In the heat, wear thin, loose clothing that is white or another light shade. In the cold, dress in layers and cover from head to toe, using gloves, hats, scarves and other accessories.

Limit Time in the Cold

Hypothermia usually occurs when you are in extreme cold for an extended period of time. If you must go outside in such conditions, bundle well and keep your time outdoors as short as possible. In case you run into car trouble, keep blankets in your vehicle for an additional protective layer.

Use Your Furnace

Just being inside is not always enough to prevent cold-related illness. Rather, you must have a working HVAC system that keeps your house at a safe temperature. In fact, one of the groups most at risk of hypothermia is young babies whose bedrooms are too cold. Prevent this with a well-functioning furnace.

The best defense against illness from exposure to extreme heat or cold is prevention. However, if you do notice any symptoms of temperature-related illness in yourself or someone else, seek medical care right away.

Dixie Somers is a freelance writer and blogger for business, home, and family niches. Dixie lives in Phoenix, Arizona, and is the proud mother of three beautiful girls and wife to a wonderful husband. Dixie recommends visiting a business like Doctor Fix-It for help with HVAC issues

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